Actualmente hay mucha confusión entre la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM) y la Esclerosis Lateral Amiotrófica (ELA). La mayoría de la población. UpToDate, electronic clinical resource tool for physicians and patients that provides information on Adult Primary Care and Internal Medicine, Allergy and. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: update. Iatreia [online]. , vol, n.2, pp ISSN
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ELA. Esclerosis lateral amiotrófica: qué necesitan saber las enfermeras | Nursing
Other NINDS-supported research studies are working to identify additional genes that may cause or put a person at risk for either familial or sporadic ALS. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Supportive care is best provided by multidisciplinary teams of health care professionals such as physicians; pharmacists; physical, occupational, and speech therapists; nutritionists; social workers; respiratory therapists and clinical psychologists; and home care and hospice nurses.
No one test can provide a definitive diagnosis of ALS. The disease is progressive, meaning the symptoms get worse over time. Muscular Dystrophy Association S. All information is kept confidential. Because people with ALS usually retain their ability to perform higher mental processes such as reasoning, remembering, understanding, and problem solving, they are aware of their progressive loss of function and may become anxious and depressed.
Affected individuals also face an increased risk of pneumonia during later stages of the disease. Breathing support As the muscles responsible for breathing start to weaken, people may experience shortness of breath during physical activity and difficulty breathing at night or when lying down. Since then, more than a dozen additional genetic mutations have been identified, many through NINDS-supported research, and each of these gene discoveries is providing new insights into possible mechanisms of ALS.
It is necessary to emphasize the severity of this disease since patients can eventually develop respiratory muscle dysfunction; as a result, patients with ALS live from 3 to 5 years after their diagnosis.
Esclerosis lateral amiotrófica | Rio Grande Regional Hospital
In both, treatment consists of drugs that slow the progression of the disease in combination with sessions of physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy. Riluzole is believed to reduce damage to motor neurons by decreasing levels of glutamate, which transports messages between nerve cells and motor neurons. Spanish pdf Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation Send this article by e-mail. Additionally, researchers are looking at the potential role of epigenetics in the development of ALS.
However, about 10 percent of people with ALS survive for 10 or more years. It affects people of all races and ethnic backgrounds. Appropriate tests can exclude the possibility of other conditions. Some studies suggest that military veterans are about 1.
Epigenetic changes can switch genes on and off, and thus can profoundly affect the human condition in both health and disease. Enter Search Term Submit Search.
Esclerosis Lateral Amiotrófica
A small percentage of individuals may experience problems with language or decision-making, and there is growing evidence that some may even develop a form of dementia over time.
Its cause is also unknown. Tissue from individuals with ALS is needed to enable scientists to study this disorder more intensely. However, there are treatments available that can esclreosis control symptoms, prevent unnecessary complications, and make living with the disease easier.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) Fact Sheet
Because the muscles that control breathing become weak, individuals with ALS may also have trouble generating a strong cough. How is ALS treated? These teams can design an individualized treatment plan and provide special equipment aimed at keeping people as mobile, comfortable, and independent as possible. Although family members of people with sporadic ALS are at an increased risk for the disease, the overall risk is very low and most will not develop ALS.
Gradualmente destruye los nervios responsables del movimiento muscular. Skip to main content. Regardless of where the symptoms first appear, muscle weakness and atrophy spread to other parts of the body as the disease progresses. Its etiology is still not clear. Nutritional support Nutritional support is an important part of the care of people with ALS.
Multiple Sclerosis affects mainly women between the ages of 20 and 40, and in its primary progressive form, affects mainly men between the ages of 50 and People may begin using suction devices to remove excess fluids or saliva and prevent choking. ALS, on the amiotroficaa hand, affects the nerve cells that control voluntary movements in both the brain and the spinal cord, meaning this disease only affects the motor system.
Because of the prognosis carried by this diagnosis and the variety of diseases or disorders that can resemble ALS in the early stages of the disease, individuals may wish to obtain a second neurological opinion. No cure has yet been found for ALS.
Debilidad progresiva en los brazos y las piernas al principio, suele ser de amiotrofiica solo lado durante semanas a meses sin cambios en la capacidad sensorial.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis ALS is a group of rare neurological diseases that mainly involve the nerve cells neurons responsible for controlling voluntary muscle movement. People with ALS can add their information to the Registry by visiting www.
Individuals may develop problems with moving, swallowing dysphagiaspeaking or forming words dysarthriaand breathing dyspnea. Sort by A-Z Shortest Wait. Gradually all muscles under voluntary control are affected, and individuals lose their strength and the ability to speak, eat, move, and even breathe. The use of a feeding tube also reduces the risk of choking and pneumonia that can result from inhaling liquids into the lungs.
Nutritionists can teach individuals and caregivers how to plan and prepare small meals throughout the day that provide enough calories, fiber, and fluid and how to amiotroficx foods that are difficult to swallow. Fasciculations and muscle cramps also occur in benign conditions.
Tomar medicamentos Trabajar con terapeutas y participar en un grupo de apoyo Participar en actividades sociales y religiosas Las opciones de tratamiento incluyen: In addition, in Multiple Sclerosisthe neuropsychologist is fundamental for addressing cognitive deficits that develop in the disease course.
This work involves tests of drug-like compounds, gene therapy approaches, antibodies, and cell-based therapies. The goals of NINDS research on ALS are to understand the cellular mechanisms involved in the development and progression of the disease, investigate the influence of genetics and other potential risk factors, identify biomarkers, and develop new and more effective treatments. Other NINDS scientists are studying the use of glial-restricted progenitor cells which have the ability to develop into other support cells to slow disease progression and improve respiratory function.